Specifications Formats & Processes Refresh

Updated and republished: October 5, 2022

How Will Specifications Drive Productization?

Specifications are the written documents defining qualitative construction requirements. Specifications complement drawings that define quantitative construction requirements. Drawings are a series of symbols representing construction assemblies the..

Do You See the 90% Opportunity?

Everyone is working to make construction better. That is the problem. The focus is on construction. Yet the greatest opportunity to affect project outcomes exists before construction starts.

Decisions, Decisions, Decisions!

Capital projects require thousands of decisions before the owner takes occupancy and begins meaningful operations. Every decision affects compliance with the owner's objectives - program, performance, and cost. How can project teams record and manage..

Which Contract Document is Most Important?

Originally published: September 3, 2012Updated January 7, 2022

Construction contract documents include the Agreement, the Conditions of Contract, the Drawings, and the Specifications. Because of the legal implications, owners produce the Agreement and..

RFI - Bane or Pride

RFIs - Requests for Information are common in the construction industry. They are the means by which contractors ask designers to clarify the construction documents. RFIs may question the drawings, or specifications, or both.

RFIs are the designer's..

How are Specifications Evolving?

Specifications are the written documents defining qualitative construction requirements. Specifications complement drawings that define quantitative construction requirements. Drawings are a series of symbols representing construction assemblies the..

Why Be Static?

I was working on completing a specification for a window replacement project in the Bahamas. Our client is the owner's representative, also in the Bahamas. I found myself in an unusual position. As I was writing, I asked questions. No sooner did I ask,..

Can Capital Projects be a Profit Center?

When owners determine a capital project is needed, it is a business purpose driving the decision. Therefore, the purpose of designing and constructing a project is to satisfy the business need - expand capacity, introduce a new product, or a host of..

Can Architectural Firms Improve Profitability?

While reading the AIA recently released "Firm Survey Report 2020[i]" and the November "Architecture Billing Index[ii]" (ABI), there were two corollary findings. First, the Firm Survey reported a decrease in profitability for 2019. The ABI reported the..

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