Estimates of the Cost of Work

When is the architect required to prepare an estimate of the Cost of Work according to AIA Document B101 Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Architect?

Who is the Specifications Beneficiary?

Specifications are technical documents - part of a construction contract - describing contracting requirements. Is there really a beneficiary to such a legal document?

A Script for Specifications - in 3 Acts

Writing is the easy part. Knowing what to write is another story.

Benefits of Volunteering

There are many activities vying for everyone's time, and there are many reasons for selecting the activities in which to participate. Then there are priorities: family, friends, work, and more. With all the opportunities for spending the little time we..

Catch It in the Addendum

We see it time and again. The deadline approaches. The rush is on. All the delayed decisions and tasks are now urgent.

Specifications Formats & Processes

Construction specifications contain data, lots of data. These data must be easily found by the hundreds of individuals involved in any construction project - not just the architect and contractor, but the subcontractors, materials distributors,..

Who's Minding Division 01?

Why the Architect/Engineer (A/E), of course!

CSI MasterFormat Division 01 Level 2 titlescourtesy of

Who Controls Project Schedules?

As a consultant to architects, primarily, we must react to schedules set by someone else. It may be the owner, architect, construction manager, or contractor. We never have any say in the project schedule, but are responsible for meeting all the..

Communication - The Heart of Specifications

Just who are specifications written for? The Architect? The Owner? Neither! In order of importance, I profess that specifications are written for the benefit of:

Why are Specs So Long?

It seems a relatively simple building. There are only 50 drawings. So why are the specifications 800 pages? It does seem absurd. Let's take a critical look to see if there is a better way.

Recent Posts


Professional Associations
Owner Focus
Contractor/Estimator Focus
Architect/Specifier Focus