How can an owner be sure construction produces the quality the owner desires? There is likely no way to be absolutely certain. But specifiers rely on several techniques to help ensure work results meets the owner's project requirements.
Friday, an architect asked for help researching a question about metal stud installation for interior partitions. The question was the result of a site visit. The resolution needed to be speedy. Monday the contractor planned to install gypsum board,..
Why does the code require trademarks to distinguish the various plywood types? All plywood is not the same. Panels may be suitable for specific applications. The trademarks give basic information about expected performance and allowable use. Know and..
It's a debate. The debate is evidenced in all the commercial guide specifications and even CSI's SectionFormat™. Related Requirements is an article heading near the beginning of specification sections. This article gives specifiers an opportunity to list..
Architects and engineers are required to produce drawings and specifications as construction documents. The documents are developed throughout the design process - Schematic Design, Design Development, and Construction Documents. But the process for..
Design and construction projects require an enormous number of participants to complete each facility. The basic teams include owners, architects, contractors, and suppliers. The lines of communication are well defined, especially after the construction..
Is the contractor permitted to submit substitutions or propose comparable products? Not if the spec is closed, he is not. Be careful if you think you know, just from reading a technical section of the specifications. The manufacturer and product..
Exterior deck coatings in residential construction are expected to perform as a waterproofing and traffic surface. The coating must prevent water intrusion to the occupied space below, and must withstand foot traffic and furniture used to enjoy the..
Traditional construction documents were drawings and specifications - both published in paper form. The industry is trending to more electronic means of representing the construction contract requirements. Building information models are touted as the..
Specifications are technical documents - part of a construction contract - describing contracting requirements. Is there really a beneficiary to such a legal document?